With the fintech sector as a whole seeing more investment in 2016 than ever before, and continuing to fuel UK growth, we've taken a look at its main sub-sectors and explained each one in detail.
Challenger banks are fintech companies that both provide the services you'd expect of a retail bank, and aim to disrupt the current dominance of traditional retail banks. Many challenger banks offer services for small firms as well as individuals, and provide a range of traditional services (mortgages, saving, moving money) alongside more innovative features (spending breakdowns, instant transfers, simple cross-border payments).
From big names like Atom and Monzo through to relative unknowns (at the moment!) like Folio and Loot, challenger banks are one of the most exciting types of company to watch within fintech – just take a look at their growth over timetre. We've profiled some of the key players in the past: take a look at Atom, Tandem (twice), and Revolut, and you can find a more general overview of the sector here.
Payment processing platforms largely fall under SaaS as a category, and the sector has proved lucrative in recent years: high-profile successes like that of PaymentSense, which provides credit and debit card machines to SMEs, take the average valuation of companies in the space to £14.7m.
Other payment processing software companies include Azimo, which allows individuals to send money internationally via an app; Currencycloud, which operates on a similar basis but is aimed at companies working internationally; Yoyo Wallet, whose app operates payment processing alongside consumer loyalty rewards, and GoCardless, whom we profiled in September.
We explained what blockchain is here, and it has ramifications for everything from regtech to ecommerce. Partly due to the increasingly mainstream use of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum, and partly due to the evolution of smart contracts outside the sphere of finance, we think blockchain companies are only going to grow in the near future: take a look at the first graph above to see how investors' appetites have increased over time.
Peer-to-peer lending allows ordinary investors to make a return by lending cash, usually via an online platform, to other individuals or businesses.
Increasingly popular but increasingly controversial, peer-to-peer finance is currently coming under fire for inadequately scrutinising borrowers and delivering diminishing returns to investors. Nonetheless, its recent popularity inspired the government to create an Innovative Finance ISA last year. Only 2,000 of these accounts have been opened in the time since, partly due to the struggle of many P2P lending platforms to pass regulatory hurdles imposed by the Financial Conduct Authority.
Increasingly adopted by mainstream banks, automated investment strategies and decisions are increasing in popularity. Several young companies have now been built around roboadvice, most notably Nutmeg, but also Moneyfarm, Wealthify, and Moneybox.
Roboinvestors and advisors usually work alongside independent advisors or discretionary investment teams, though it's possible that the 'robots' will play a more significant role as their sophistication develops.
Insurtech seeks to disrupt one of the most traditional industries in finance, and can cover the provision of services to both individuals and insurance companies themselves.
Several insurtech companies have already made headway with equity fundraising: Zuto compares car insurance providers; QuanTemplate develops software for insurers that analyses their data; RightIndem assists individuals with insurance claims after accidents, and Digital Fineprint provides insurers with social data to assist with matching policies to users. Equally, certain funds like Eos Venture are keen to invest in the space. Should these gambits prove successful, we're likely to see further innovation in coming years.
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